Enable the query cache in MySQL to improve performance

If you want to get optimized and speedy response from your MySQL server then you need to add following two configurations directive to your MySQL server:

The amount of memory (SIZE) allocated for caching query results. The default value is 0, which disables the query cache.

Set the query cache type. Possible options are as follows:
0 : Don’t cache results in or retrieve results from the query cache.
1 : Cache all query results except for those that begin with SELECT S_NO_CACHE.
2 : Cache results only for queries that begin with SELECT SQL_CACHE

Howto enable caching in MySQL

You can setup caching as follows:
$ mysql -u root –p

Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 16 to server version: 4.1.15-Debian_1-log
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the buffer.

Now setup cache size 16Mb:

mysql> SET GLOBAL query_cache_size = 16777216;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'query_cache_size';


| Variable_name    | Value    |
| query_cache_size | 16777216 |

You can setup them in /etc/my.cnf (Red Hat) or /etc/mysql/my.cnf (Debian) file:
# vi /etc/my.cnf
Append config directives as follows:

query_cache_size = 268435456

In above example the maximum size of individual query results that can be cached set to 1048576 using query_cache_limit system variable. Memory size in Kb.

Enabling error display in php via htaccess only

Note:- When using PHP as an Apache module, you can also change the configuration settings using directives in Apache configuration files (e.g. httpd.conf) and .htaccess files. You will need “AllowOverride Options” or “AllowOverride All” privileges to do so.

Add following values to your .htaccess

php_flag display_startup_errors on
php_flag display_errors on
php_flag html_errors on
php_flag log_errors on
php_value error_log /home/path/public_html/domain/PHP_errors.log

How to check the version of PHP ?

To verify the update is working create a simple testphp.php in your www directory with the following source code:

and open it in a web browser. The new PHP version should be reflected at the top of the page.


ssh into the server or run the follwing command in terminal

php -v

How can I downgrade my version of PHP ?

Iphp 5.3 on Fedora 17 or Redhat using atomic repo.

You will need to remove php and httpd first (not compulsory)

yum remove php
yum remove httpd

Add the following at the end of /etc/yum.conf(if required)


Install php from atomic repo

wget -q -O - http://www.atomicorp.com/installers/atomic | sh
yum install php

More details at 

How to set a fav icon for a WordPress blog

1. Create FAVICON as *.ico file.

2. Upload your FAVICON to */wordpress/wp-content/themes/inove/img/ directory.

3. Remember no upper case letters, no spaces and only *.ico files.

4. Copy your FAVICON file name (from step No.2).

5. Replace XXX with your FAVICON file name in the following code. <link rel=”shortcut icon” href=”<?php bloginfo(‘template_directory’); ?>/img/XXX.ico” type=”image/x-icon” />

6. Open your theme editor and select Header (header.php)
– wp-admin/theme-editor.php?file=/themes/inove/templates/header.php&theme=iNove&a=te

7. Go to the end of the code. You will see <!– navigation END –>

9. Now drop this line of code – before the <!– navigation END –>

10. Save changes. You will see the FAVICON.